The museum of São Roque has one of the most complete Portuguese collections of sacred art, whose artistic and typological range illustrates the evolution of the history of art in Portugal and Europe between the 16th and 20th centuries.

Chronologically, and from the historical point of view, the museum’s collection results both from the period of the Jesuits’ presence in the former Professed House of St. Roch until their expulsion in 1759, but also from the incorporation of works through charitable bequests or acquisitions by the Santa Casa da Misericórdia in Lisbon.